Acute gallbladder disease – The virtue of performing a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the early stages of case management
Keywords:Acute biliary colic, Acute calculous cholecystitis, Conversion rates, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Background: In a Benghazi medical center, this observational study assessed the role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in the early stages of acute gallbladder illness. Materials and Methods: From January 2022 to December 2022, all emergency and urgent admissions for acute gallbladder disease were identified, and additionally, data from hospital medical records were then evaluated retrospectively. Results: Out of a total of 334 patients with gallstone diseases, we found 321 individuals (206 with acute biliary colic, 115 with acute calculous cholecystitis), and 13 with acalculous cholecystitis. Early laparoscopic surgery for acute calculous cholecystitis had a greater conversion rate than procedures for acute biliary discomfort (19% vs. 4%; p=0.002). When surgery was performed 72 h from the onset of the symptoms for patients with acute calculous cholecystitis, the conversion rate was considerably lower (one out of 25) than when surgery was postponed past 72 h (14 out of 53) or later performed electively (seven out of 23) (p=0.014). In comparison to elective surgery for acute biliary colic (three of 66), elective surgery for prior acute cholecystitis was linked to a higher conversion rate (seven of 22 patients) (p=0.002). Conclusion: LC for acute calculous cholecystitis needs to be done within 72 h of the onset of symptoms, and it is worthwhile.
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