Journal of Orofacial Research https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr <pre><strong>ISSN:</strong> <strong>p-ISSN</strong> - 2277- 7482; <strong>e-ISSN</strong> - 2249-9091<br /><strong>Discipline:</strong> Dental Sciences<br /><strong>Starting Year:</strong> 2011<br /><strong>Current volume:</strong> Volume 9 <br /><strong>Issue per year:</strong> 4 issues<br /><strong>Editor-in-chief:</strong> Dr. Shailesh Kumar Mukul, India<br /><strong>Indexing:</strong> Google Scholar, Citefactor, Sherpa Romeo, Research Bible.<br /><strong>E-mail: <a href="mailto:editor.ijpds@mansapublishers.com" target="_blank" rel="noopener">editor.jofr@mansapublishers.com</a></strong></pre> en-US editor.jofr@mansapublishers.com (Dr Sailesh Mukul) info@mansapublishers.com (Dr. Rashmi Agrawal) Sat, 03 Oct 2020 20:59:59 +0530 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Knowledge, attitude and practice of research ethics among dental professionals in dental colleges of South Kerala-A pilot study https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2487 <p>Background: Research in the field of dentistry is increasing but there is dearth of information investigating the knowledge, attitude and practice of dental professionals for ethical principles in research especially in developing countries like India. The outcome of the present study will help the institution to understand how well research ethics are accepted in their institution. Methods: A cross sectional survey using validated questionnaire was administered to faculty members and postgraduates of two dental colleges in south Kerala. The questionnaire was designed to take approximately 10 minutes to complete and participants were asked to return it in drop box provided at principal’s office. Results: A total of 97/113 dental professionals participated in the study with a response rate of 86%. Based on the questionnaire, there was fair knowledge among the faculties and postgraduates regarding informed consent, research involving children and research on retrospective samples. Less than one fourth of results showed good attitude towards research ethics whereas more than three fourth participants showed moderate attitude. There was no statistically significant difference between faculty and postgraduates on comparison of attitude towards research ethics (p&lt;0.148). With regards to research ethics practice, about half of participants had moderate knowledge and less than half of participants had low knowledge. However, the difference of knowledge among faculty and postgraduates was not statistically significant (p&lt;0.756). Conclusion: The present study highlights the need for nationwide study about research ethics to determine the generalizability of the results and the importance of research ethics training program .</p> Rathy Ravindran, Harish Rajendran Nair Kandhimadhi devi Copyright (c) 2020 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2487 Sat, 03 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0530 “Bioactive primers”- macroshield against micro-leakage in restorative dentistry? https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2504 <p>In today’s dental era, minimal intervention dentistry is widely recommended to conserve maximal sound tooth structure by careful removal of only caries infected dentin. However, residual bacteria which remain in dentinal tubules of relatively healthy part of dentin make it impossible to achieve a complete caries free environment. This brief commentary will highlight on the recent advancements in adhesive resin composites with significant antibacterial effects which may aid in effective restoration of such cavities.</p> Ishwarya Gurucharan, Saravanakarthikeyan Balasubramanian, Mahalaxmi Sekar Copyright (c) 2020 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2504 Sat, 03 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0530 Torque in Orthodontics https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2421 <p>Torque is a shear-based moment, a force obtained from a twisted spring wire in its effort to un-twist itself which causes rotation. In dentition, it pertains to facio-lingual root movement and control. Also, it refers to the amount of twist applied to an arch wire in bracket engagement or activation. Despite the advent of numerous treatment philosophies, appliance systems and torque prescriptions and considerable research done in the past, torque is still an enigma. The key is to understand not only how we reach where we are but also to learn how to manage the torque properly, focusing on the technical and biomechanical purposes that led to the change of the torque values over time. The present review focuses on application of torque in orthodontics.</p> Deepshikha -, Ankur Chaukse, Kshitij Gupta, Mayur Soni, Gourav Patil, Abhideep Singhai Copyright (c) 2020 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2421 Sat, 03 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0530 Chemopreventive effects of dietary sulforaphane in oral cancer-A review https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2512 <p>Oral cancer is a potentially fatal disease which constitutes an important part of tumors occurring in the head and neck region. It not only affects the overall health but also affects the mental health, appearance, employment, social life and family living. It can also cause serious changes in the functioning of the upper aero digestive tract that affects the quality of life in patients. The use of conventional treatment modalities depend on tumor respectability and location as well as feasibility of organ preservation approach. However, their role in oral cancer treatment is non-selective and can cause damage to normal tissue. In particular, chemo radiotherapy is associated with systemic toxicities that often reduce patient compliance and prevent timely completion of therapy. Scientists around the world are now developing a new treatment known as 'green chemoprevention' in which broccoli and other vegetables are used to prevent the onset of carcinoma. In this review article, the author presents a detailed review about the chemotherapeutic effect of sulforaphane, a dietary component from broccoli sprouts in the prevention of oral cancer.que is a shear-based moment, a force obtained from a twisted spring wire in its effort to un-twist itself which causes rotation. In dentition, it pertains to facio-lingual root movement and control. Also, it refers to the amount of twist applied to an arch wire in bracket engagement or activation. Despite the advent of numerous treatment philosophies, appliance systems and torque prescriptions and considerable research done in the past, torque is still an enigma. The key is to understand not only how we reach where we are but also to learn how to manage the torque properly, focusing on the technical and biomechanical purposes that led to the change of the torque values over time. The present review focuses on application of torque in orthodontics.</p> Pankaj Gupta Copyright (c) 2020 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2512 Sat, 03 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0530 Practical approach to tobacco cessation: A review https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2513 <p>Tobacco use is one of the most important causes of preventable death and disability worldwide. Quitting the habit of tobacco consumption has substantial benefits. Although, nicotine gum was the only Food and Drug Administration approved pharmacotherapy until 1991, however, today, a variety of therapies are available for tobacco cessation. It becomes important that the health care professionals are familiar with the spectrum of therapies so that they can address the needs of tobacco users effectively. Health care professionals can contribute to the health of the community by motivating the tobacco users to quit and assisting them in the process of tobacco cessation. This review discusses the pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies that have been used for the treatment of tobacco dependence.</p> Sachin Mittal, Vibha Jain, Lakshmi Sudha Reddy Duvvuru, Zeba Rao, Ankita Khare, Akash Gupta, Jitendra Kumar Gupta Copyright (c) 2020 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://mansapublishers.com/index.php/jofr/article/view/2513 Sat, 03 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0530