Apoplexy in Pregnancy
Keywords:Headache in pregnancy, Pituitary apoplexy, Steroids in pregnancy, Visual disturbances in pregnancy
Headache during pregnancy is a common complaint in the emergency room. In pregnancy, pituitary disorders include both hormone active and hormone inactive tumors. Apoplexy may be the first clinical presentation of an underlying pituitary tumor. Red flag signs of presenting symptoms, to be assessed for identifying life-threatening etiology. Various pathophysiological mechanisms have been passed for pituitary apoplexy in pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain is the gold standard investigation. The mainstay of management is the initiation of steroids. Transnasal transsphenoidal removal of the tumor is the definitive treatment that requires a multidisciplinary approach. The indications of surgery are the presence of symptoms due to compression and endocrine abnormalities; however, gestational period should be taken into consideration. We report a case of headache in antenatal women who presented to our emergency room diagnosed with pituitary apoplexy managed with steroids and early surgery, and discharged with good clinical outcome. We recommend a methodical approach to common symptoms that assist in diagnosing forgotten etiology.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Gowtham Vijayakumar, Dhilipan Kumar, Sabarish Sivakumar, Dhivya Ramani, Rohit Balasubramaniam, Shankar Dhandapani, Shriram Varadharajan
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